On a possibile solution of the core-cusp problem and the fundamental properties of self gravitating quasi-stationary states.

One of the crucial problems for the galaxy formation theory is to explain the cusp-core paradox: while the simulations of the theoretical models give rise to a diverging density profile at a small distance (1 / r) from the center, observations of galaxy profiles show that these are constant.

To understand the origin of these profiles it is necessary to understand the fundamental properties of the quasi-equilibrium states of gravitational systems and in particular what kind of dynamical path they followed during their formation.

We have found that, depending on the initial conditions, these stationary states can exhibit a small-scale divergent profile or a flat profile. This difference corresponds to a different dynamical nature underlying their origin.

Coming back to galaxies, the profiles indicate that the dynamic that gave them origin is a violent type of relaxation. That is, a dynamical process different from the “standard” one of cold dark matter models.

15 pages, 24 figures, Accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics

by Francesco Sylos Labini, Roberto Capuzzo-Dolcetta

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